Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-specialty of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children.
Pediatric ophthalmologists are specially trained to manage the following disorders:
- Infections (Conjunctivitis).
- General eye problems such as eye sore, allergic conjunctivitis and lumps on the eyelids (stye and chalazion).
- Strabismus or Squint is a misalignment of the eyes.
- Refraction in young children using eye drops (cycloplegic refraction) for those who have difficulty getting a good refraction.
- Amblyopia or Lazy eye occurs when the vision of one eye is significantly better than the other eye and the brain begins to rely on better eye and ignore the weaker one.
- Blocked tear ducts.
- Ptosis- Drooping or falling of upper eye lid.
- Retinopathy of pre-maturity often seen in premature babies
- Visual inattention.
- Pediatric cataracts.
- Pediatric glaucoma.
- Abnormal vision development.
- Genetic disorders often cause eye problems for affected children.
- Congenital malformations affecting vision or the tear drainage duct system
- Orbital tumours
- Refractive errors such as myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness) and astigmatism can often be corrected with prescriptions for glasses or contacts.
- Accommodative insufficiency
- Convergence insufficiency and asthenopia
- Evaluation of visual issues in education, including dyslexia and attention deficit disorder.